NEWS RELEASES- On the 12th June 2017, the CIPADH took the opportunity to attend one of the many side events of the 35th session of the Human Rights Council offered by the civil society, permanent missions, the OHCHR and other international intergovernmental organizations. This informal meeting was prepared by Verein Südwind Entwicklungspolitik an Austrian NGO advocating for sustainable development and social development. The central point of this meeting was to give a brief understanding of human rights violation in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The issue of Human Rights in Iran is a delicate one. The Republic of Iran is often subject to critics concerning its work in respecting and protecting human rights. The first speaker who took the floor, D. Safai, is a woman working specifically on women’s rights violations. She explained that women’s rights are hardly observed in the Islamic Republic of Iran given the status of the women in the Iranian society. Women are not considered as equal to men. They are considered as inferior to men. For example, concerning their testimonies in front of a court it count as half one of a man. Women’s travel or choice in education and participation in an important number of activities are under the control of a male guardian (their father or their husband when they get married). They have the obligation to cover their head when being in public and can’t enjoy numerous of activities as sport or music. When they finally manage to do one sport they still have to cover their head and are given no support from sports federations or the state.
Unfortunately women are not the only minority deprived from their rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Sunni prisoners (Iran’s religious majority is Shiite) are detained in inhuman condition and are the subject of torture as hanging by foot, electric chock, food and water depravation. R. Amiri, specialist of the question assured that they are illegally detained, far from their home and have no rights to lawyers and visitors. Enduring such cruel treatments often leads them to confess crime they did not commit and are being convicted on the avowal obtained by the authority with these unlawful methods. Christians are another religious minority in Iran which face violation of human rights. Most of the Christians have to hide their religious belief and practice secretly their faith. Christians have to conform to the Sharia law even if it is not what their religion supports. Furthermore, the speaker invited by the NGO explained that Christian education is forbidden. Moreover another minority is not recognize as a religious minority and have less rights than any other religious minority. The Baha’is are not considered equally as other humanbeing by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and face violent discrimination. They are a poor community stops by the Iranian’s authority in their development. They don’t have the right to education neither to own shops. These interdictions created huge poverty in the community who just which to develop themselves and help developing a country they do not want to leave.
Beside the violation of minorities, the Islamic Republic of Iran is seriously violating one of the basic human rights of every human being: the right to live. N. Zandi, an expert of the panel on the issue of death penalty in Iran explained that executions in Iran are increasing even if it is difficult to have exact numbers: some executions are public but a lot are done in secret places. Death penalty in Iran concern sexual crime, offenses to god, actions against the state and drug related crime. A majority of the death penalty concerns this last group: drug related crime. A category of crime for which death penalty is totally illegal in accordance with Intenrational Human Rights. Furthermore juvenile death penalty exists in the Islamic Republic of Iran and is often criticized.
These example given to us by the panelists helps us understand the problematic of Human Rights Violation in Iran but it is an non-exhaustive list of human rights violations in Iran and the organization will continue advocating with this slogan: “All Human Rights for Iran”.
EF- Research Assistant at CIPADH