The UPR, which held its first meeting in April 2008, aims to examine human rights records of all 193 UN member States. Currently, all States have been reviewed during the first UPR cycle and 126 are beeing reviewed for the second time. This exercice is meant to assess human rights developments in the countries since their first review. States are also encouraged to explain what steps they have taken to comply with recommendations elaborated during their first review.
Blood diamonds are “those sold in order to fund armed conflict and civil war.” Also called conflict diamonds, the United Nations (UN) defined these gems during the 1990s as “any diamond that is mined in areas controlled by forces opposed to the legitimate, internationally recognized government of a country and that is sold to fund military action against that government”.