33rd Human Rights Council - Conclusion

NEW RELEASES – On Thursday 29th September, the Human Rights Council adopted seventeen resolutions and created the mandate of a Special Rapporteur on the Right of development. Today, Friday 30th September, the Council is still adopting new resolutions. Brief feedback on these three weeks of sessions.

Anglais

The situation in Yemen was the subject of a strong focus during the 33rd session. The Council adopted a resolution (A/HRC/33/L.5) on technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights. It calls all the parties to stop attacks on civilians and to ensure humanitarian access. According to UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund, more than 10’000 people died since March 2015, among 1118 children killed and 1800 others wounded [1].


In another resolution (A/HRC/33/L.6), the Council condemns all attacks and violence against journalists and calls States to implement strategies for combatting impunity. During its introduction to the draft resolution L.6, Germany said that more than 1200 journalists had been killed since 1992 [2]. The resolution also requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare a report on mechanisms ensuring the safety of journalists. The report will be submitted to the Council at its 39rd session.



More than 1000 Tamils manifested in Geneva. They asked the constitution of an independent international investigation and denounced the killings of thousands of Tamils in Sri Lanka. The demonstrators called it a “genocide” [3]. According to the United Nations, about 100’000 people have been killed during the Civil War. On the 19th September, the NGO “Association des étudiants tamouls de France” called the attention of the Council on “Sri Lanka’s armed forces [that] were running amok and making life unbearable for Tamil people” [4].


The Council decided to create the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the Rights of development. It has extended for three years the mandates on contemporary forms of slavery, the use of mercenaries, the human rights of older persons, safe drinking water, the right to health and on the rights of indigenous people as well as, for one year, a mandate for an Independent expert charged on investigate on the situation of human rights in Somalia [5].


Numerous speakers complained about the lack of political will of the governments to fulfill the implementation gaps, i.e. the difference between law and practice. However, it should not lead to put in question the important role of the United Nations. In one hand, the periodic renewal of the international legal framework is a necessity. In the other hand, the neo-institutionalist Robert Keohane showed that multilateral institutions still play a crucial role in the stabilization of the international political environment, as they reduce “the costs of making, monitoring and enforcing rules – the transation costs – [and] provide information and facilitate the making of credible commitments” [6]. If the lack of implementation is often frustrating, the United Nations continues to be a crucial actor in the promotion of peace and human rights in the world.

[1] OHCHR (2016, 29 septembre). “Le Conseil des droits de l'homme adopte dix-sept résolutions et une déclaration du Président » [en ligne] URL: http://www.ohchr.org/FR/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=20616&L...
[2] op. cit.
 [3] TRIBUNE DE GENEVE (2016, 26 septembre). « Plus de 1000 Tamouls manifestent à Genève » [en ligne], URL : http://www.tdg.ch/geneve/geneve-internationale/1000-tamouls-manifestent-...
 [4] ONUG (2016, 29 septembre). « Human rights council adopts 18 texts, creates mandate on the right to development » [en ligne], URL : http://www.unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/(httpNewsByYear_en)/07B4A191CAF49716C125803D00553B62?OpenDocument
[5]: op. cit.
[6]: KEOHANE Robert (2015). Après l’hégémonie, UBlire, Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles

Webographie

KEOHANE Robert (2015). Après l’hégémonie. Coopération et désaccord dans l'économie politique internationale, UBlire, Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles.

OHCHR (2016, 29 septembre). “Le Conseil des droits de l'homme adopte dix-sept résolutions et une déclaration du Président » [en ligne] URL: http://www.ohchr.org/FR/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=20616&L...

ONUG (2016, 29 septembre). « Human rights council adopts 18 texts, creates mandate on the right to development » [en ligne], URL : http://www.unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/(httpNewsByYear_en)/07B4A191CAF49716C125803D00553B62?OpenDocument

TRIBUNE DE GENEVE (2016, 26 septembre). « Plus de 1000 Tamouls manifestent à Genève » [en ligne], URL : http://www.tdg.ch/geneve/geneve-internationale/1000-tamouls-manifestent-...

 

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